Understanding Your Obligations
The Christmas and New Year period is a popular time for many businesses to close-down their operations. During this time, employers may require their employees to take a period of annual leave.
The right of an employer to require an employee to take annual leave during such a close-down will depend on the applicable modern award, enterprise agreement or, in the case of award/agreement-free employees, the National Employment Standards.
Prior to directing employees to take a period of annual leave during your Christmas/New Year close down, it is essential that you confirm that:
- there is an entitlement to direct an employee to take leave under any applicable industrial instrument, and if so,
- any requirement to provide a minimum period of notice is adhered to.
Annual Close Down Entitlements
The Fair Work Act provides that an employer may require an award or agreement-free employee to take a period of paid annual leave, provided that the request is ‘reasonable’.
The following factors are to be taken into consideration when determining whether such a request would be reasonable:
An employer and an award/agreement-free employee can agree:
- the needs of the employee and the employer’s business;
- any agreed arrangement with an employee;
- timing of the direction to take leave; and
- if the period of notice given is reasonable, ie. Providing a few days’ notice would be unreasonable while a few months’ notice would be reasonable.
- custom and practice of the business, ie. such a request will be deemed reasonable if the employer’s enterprise annually shuts down over the Christmas-New Year period.
Award Covered Employees
- on the specified period of notice that must be given to employees prior to the requirement to take annual leave.
- whether paid annual leave may be taken in advance of being accrued when the close-down period exceeds an employee’s accrued annual leave.
- whether unpaid leave may be taken when the close-down period exceeds an employee’s accrued annual leave.
While many modern awards will provide an employer with the right to require their employees to take a period of annual leave during an annual shutdown, it is essential that the terms of the applicable modern award are reviewed to ensure that an annual close down is permitted.
Where such a closedown is permitted and an employee has insufficient leave accrual, the awards will determine how the period of leave is to be processed during the close down. Where insufficient leave is accrued, some awards will permit employee to agree to take:
- a period of annual leave in advance
- a period of unpaid leave
Providing Notice of Annual Close Down
Most modern awards will require that employer provide their employees with at least four weeks’ notice of the intention to close down the business for a defined period, and of the requirement for employees to take annual leave. However, it is important to note that some awards do provide that a greater period of notice be provided.
- the Textile, Clothing, Footwear and Associated Industries Award 2010 requires an employer to give three months’ notice of the intention of implementing an annual close down.
- the Building and Construction General On-site Award 2010 requires that employees be given at least 2 months notice before the leave needs to be taken.
Prior to confirming any period of annual shut down, reference should be made to any applicable modern awards to determine the relevant period of notice required to be given to employees.
It is recommended that such notice is provided to your employees both verbally and in writing. A letter template for providing this notice is available from HR Advice Online.
How to Provide Notice to Employees regarding an Annual Close Down
Suggested steps for preparing a letter of notice of requirement to take annual leave for purpose of close down
1. Consult with your employees
You should meet with your employees to advise them of the close down period. You should ensure that the employees understand:
- the reason for the close down (e.g. Christmas holidays, renovation)
- the length of the close down
- that they will receive paid annual leave during the close down, and
- that this annual leave will be deducted from their accrued entitlements.
2. Prepare a letter of notice to confirm the requirement to take annual leave for the purpose of the closedown
Unless a greater period of notice is required under a modern award, you must provide your employees with at least 4 weeks’ written notice of the requirement to take annual leave during a close down period.
This notice should include
- the dates that the close down period will start and finish
- the reason for the close down.
3. Provide the letter to the employee and keep a copy for your records
Provide the letter to the employee, ensuring they receive it at least 4 weeks (or at least before the required minimum notice period) before the start of the close down period.
You should also keep a copy of the letter on each employee’s file for your records.
If you would like further information please contact firstname.lastname@example.org or call 1300 720 004.